History of Suratgarh

Suratgarh is a significant area in Sri Gaganagar district of Rajasthan State in India and it had been witnessed to many historical incidences in the ancient past. Due to the presence of two big rivers namely Sarasvati and Drishvati, Suratgarh had been a lush, green place around 3000 BC. We can see many sand possessed various botanical and zoological species within the basins of chaste these two rivers as its proof.

Sarasvati Civilization
The geographical and environmental complements of Sarasvati facilitated the emergence of Kalibanga and Barod civilizations. We can see the traces of ancient civilization Manaksaar, Rangmahal and Amarpura that shows the historical importance Saraswati civilization, which has receded after 1500 years of stability in Suratgarh.
History of Suratgarh

Around 3500 years ago Aryans entered Suratgarh through Afganisthan and Punjab along with their scholars. The evidence reports that they have laid down 7th and 8th modules of Rigveda and thus the city got the name ‘Ved Bhumi’. As a result of gradual evolution the flow of Saraswati river was vanished. Some mythological evidences show that Lord Krishna and his brother Balram had visited here at some time.

Kushana Dynasty
The first century was witnessed to the rise of Kushana Dynasty in Suratgarh. They had a rich heritage that backup their culture and business. Rangamahal became the significant business center during the period of Kushanas. Archeological departments discovered some bronze coins from here that reveals the rich business interests of Kushana dynasty.

Gupta Dynasty
Gupta Dynasty emerged in Suratgarh in 4th century that supported the growth of Shaivism and Vaishnaism religions. We can see many statuette found in Suratgarh in various museums throughout the country. It is an evidence of the cultural development in Suratgarh.

Influence of Bhati and Zoiya tribes can be seen in Suratgarh region in the medieval age that is followed by the reign of Prithviraj Chauhan, Mohammad Gori, Sher Khan and Taimur Lang. 1465 is considered as the golden age of the place, as the overall development of Suratgarh happened in this time by the constructive farming techniques of Godara and Punia jat farmers. Later Bika Rao laid down Bikaner state and his followers won over Bhati tribes and Suratgarh for further progress of Bikaner.
History of Suratgarh

Mughal and British period
Thakur Raghunath Singh laid down Sodhan village mean time in 1570 A.D. Ral Kalyan Mal, the successor of Bikaner accepted Mugghal rule that persisted till 1787 A. D. But, the next Bikaner ruler Maharaja Surat Singh won the region for his imperialistic interests by revoking from Mughal reign. He established Suratgarh state at the place of Sodhal as a souvenir of his victory and it led to the rise of Suratgarh to modern age from ancient period. Later in 1818 A.D, Maharaja Surat Singh had to accept the refuge of British. The region was an important revenue collection center of Bikaner at that time. As a result of revolution in 1857 A.D, the sense of revolution was inducted at Suratgarh also.

Period of Maharaja Ganga Singh
It was in the rule of Maharaja Ganga Singh the real development of Suratgarh happened. He built a hunting lodge at Suratgarh and it ensured connectivity of Suratgarh to train service.In 1927, Ganga canal was established in Suratgarh that helped the region to develop as a city. After partition many refugee from Pakisthan came and settled here.

Another milestone of the development in Suratgarh was the establishment of Suratgarh Central State Farm in 1956. The following years was witnessed to other projects like Indira Gandhi Canal project and Central Animal reproduction Farm. An air military base station, Akashvani and many other offices had also been established in Suratgarh. The most important project, Suratgarh Thermal Power Station started in 1998, opened a new way to the developmental stairs of the city.

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    Suresh Parihar from Suratgarh 829 Days ago

    its very nice information about the history of SURATGARH.

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